What Is Normal Blood Pressure in 2021? This query comes to mind when we notice a person telling he/she is a High Blood Pressure patient. To understand High Blood Pressure first we have a look at what is blood pressure?
Normally the heart pumps blood through the arteries, the blood then puts pressure on the artery walls. This cycle is known as blood pressure. Simple, Blood pressure is the force of blood to push against the walls of your blood tubes. Arteries/blood tubes carry blood from your heart to different parts of your body.
Your blood pressure usually ups and downs throughout the day.
What Is Normal Blood Pressure?
Actually Blood pressure is measured with two numbers:
The 1st number, called systolic blood pressure, this measures the burden in your blood tubes when your heart beats.
Diastolic blood pressure comes at the second number, it measures the pressure in your blood tubes when your heart rests between beats.
If the measurement stands at 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, you could say, “120 over 80,” or could write, “120/80 mmHg.”
What are normal blood pressure numbers?
A normal blood pressure level is between 120/80 mmHg.
There is no matter of your age, you could take steps every day to keep your blood pressure in a healthful range.
What is hypertension or high blood pressure?
A fluctuation in Blood supply when it is high blood pressure, called hypertension. This situation is when your blood pressure is higher than normal. Normally your blood pressure ups and downs throughout the day depends on your activities. Measuring your blood pressure consistently above then normal could result in a diagnosis of high blood pressure (or hypertension).
The higher you face your blood pressure levels, the more risky you would have to face for other health problems, such as heart attack, stroke, and heart disease.
It is now the responsibility of your health care team to diagnose high blood pressure and make treatment decisions by examining your systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and analyzing them to levels found in certain guidelines.
The operating procedures used to diagnose high blood pressure could different from doctors to doctors:
Some health care professionals pinpoint patients with high blood pressure if their blood pressure is routinely 140/90 mm Hg or higher. This limit is according to a guideline released in 2003.
Other doctors pinpoint patients with high blood pressure if their blood pressure is regularly 130/80 mm Hg or higher. This limit is according to a guideline released in 2017.
If your doctors diagnosed you with high blood pressure, talk with your health care team to more understand your blood pressure levels and how these levels could affect your treatment plan.
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What are the major symptoms and signs of high blood pressure?
When blood pressure rises it normally has no warning signs or symptoms, and many patients do not know they have it. Scaling your blood pressure is the only method to know whether you have high blood pressure.
What are the causes of high blood pressure?
High blood pressure normally increases over the time. It could happen because of unhealthy lifestyle choices, likewise, not involving in enough regular physical activity. Certain bad health conditions, such as diabetes and having overweight, could also increase the risk for developing high blood pressure. Person could also have High blood pressure during pregnancy.
What problems does high blood pressure cause?
High blood pressure could damage your health in different ways. It could forcefully hurt important organs for example your heart, brain, kidneys, and eyes.
Despite all bad things the good news is that mostly, you could manage your blood pressure yourself to lower your risk for severe health problems.
Heart Disease and Heart Attack
High blood pressure could destroy your blood tubes by making them less elastic, which could decrease the stream of blood and oxygen to your heart and result in heart disease. In addition, decreased blood stream to the heart could cause:
- Chest pain, also called angina
- Heart attack happens when the bloodstream supply to your heart is blocked and heart muscle starts to die due to deficiency of enough oxygen. The longer the blood flow is stopped, the greater the damage/destroy to the heart.
- Heart failure is a condition that means when your heart can’t pump enough blood and oxygen to your other body organs.
People over 40 years if they have diabetes, high blood pressure, or both prevail have a higher risk of developing chronic kidney disease other than those without these symptoms.
Stroke and Brain Problems
High blood pressure could cause the blood tubes that supply blood and oxygen to the brain to destroy or be blocked, could cause a stroke. Brain cells immediat die during a stroke because they do not receive enough oxygen. Stroke could result in serious disabilities in speaking, move, and other basic actionable activities. A stroke could also kill you.
Facing high blood pressure, especially in middle age, is associated with having poorer cognitive function and could cause dementia later in life.
How could I know if I have high blood pressure?
There’s only a single method to know if you have high blood pressure: Visiting by a doctor or by other health professionals who could measure it. Analyzing your blood pressure should be quick and painless.
Ask your family doctor about frequently checking your blood pressure at home, also you could call self-measured blood pressure (SMBP) monitoring.
In the modern world High blood pressure is called the “silent killer” because it normally has no warning signs or symptoms, and the majority of the people do not know they have it.
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How could I manage to prevent high blood pressure?
Changing lifestyle could make a better impression on your health, as many people with high blood pressure could lower their blood pressure into a healthy limit or keep their numbers in a healthy range by adopting lifestyle changes. Consult with your family doctor/doctor about it.
Make a schedule of getting at least 150 minutes of physical activity each week (near about 30 minutes a day, 5 days per week)
- Avoid smoking
- Adopt a healthy diet, including less sodium (salt) diet and alcohol
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Keep away from stress
For adopting to making positive lifestyle changes, a large number of people with high blood pressure need to take medicine to regulate their blood pressure.
Consult with your health care team or family doctor right away if you think you could have high blood pressure or if you’ve been told by your doctor that you have high blood pressure but do not try to have it under control.
By taking action to regulate your blood pressure, you could help protect yourself against heart disease and other heart complications, also sometimes could face a disease called cardiovascular disease (CVD).
I think now you have a better understanding about What Is Normal Blood Pressure in 2021?