Heart attack vs Stroke-Symptoms causes and Treatment in 2021


Heart attack vs Stroke? This is the query in most of the common person’s mind. But Senior Doctors/Heart Specialists could only answer it better. Here we will try to find the difference between Heart attack vs Stroke. Keep reading if you want to understand about Heart attack vs Stroke.

The symptoms of heart attack and stroke occur suddenly. Although these 2 events have a few possible symptoms, their other syndromes are different.

Among other symptoms a common symptom of a stroke is a sudden and forceful headache. A stroke is sometimes could be a result of a “brain attack.” As well as a heart attack, on the other hand, could be due to chest pain.

Differentiating between symptoms of a heart attack and stroke could make a big difference in getting the right kind of cure.

Symptoms of Heart Attack Vs Stroke?

The symptoms of heart attack and stroke depend on:

your age

the severity of the episode

your overall health

your gender

The symptoms could come on fast and without warning.

What are the causes?

The causes of Heart attack vs stroke both could occur due to blocked arteries.

Stroke causes

Among all the types of stroke the most common type of stroke is narrated an ischemic stroke:

Within the brain a blood clot in an artery could cut off blood regulation to the brain. This could cause a stroke.

Normally the carotid arteries carry blood and supply to the brain. There could build up Plaque in a carotid artery that could have the same result.

Another main type of stroke is a hemorrhagic stroke. This happens when a blood vessel in the brain breaks and blood leaks into surrounding tissue. High blood pressure that spreads a burden on the walls of your arteries could cause a hemorrhagic stroke.

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Heart attack causes

Normally a heart attack occurs when a coronary artery develops into blocked or narrows so much that disturbing the blood flow stops or is severely restricted. A coronary artery is an artery that provides blood to the heart muscle.

Stoppage in a coronary artery could happen if a blood clot blocks blood flow. It could also happen if too much cholesterol plaque develops in the artery to the point at which 

the cycle slows to a trickle or stops altogether.

What risk factors are involved?

Many of the risk factors for  heart attack and stroke are the same. These includes:

high cholesterol

family history



high blood pressure

High blood pressure is dangerous because it puts pressure on the walls of your blood vessels. That makes them more solid and less likely to broaden as needed to maintain healthy circulation. Poor circulation could enhance your risk of heart attack and stroke.

If you have an abnormal heart rhythm known as atrial fibrillation (AK), then you also have an increased stroke risk. As a result of your heart doesn’t beating in a regular rhythm during AF, blood could pool in your heart and make a clot. If that clot breaks free from your heart, it could travel in the direction toward your brain and could cause an ischemic stroke.

How are heart attacks and strokes diagnosed?

If you find stroke symptoms, then your medical examiner will get a quick summary of signs and a medical history. You’ll likely be advised to get a CT scan of the brain. This could show bleeding in the brain and other particular areas of the brain that may have been affected by poor blood stream. Your medical examiner may also order for an MRI.

A different set of tests is advised to diagnose a heart attack. Your medical examiner will still want to know your signs and medical history. After that, they could also check an electrocardiogram on the health of your heart muscle.

Doctor could also advise for a blood test to check for enzymes that indicate a heart attack. Your medical examiner could also perform a cardiac catheterization. This test consists of guiding a long, flexible tube through a blood tube into the heart to examine for blockage.

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How are heart attacks and strokes treated?

Heart attack

Sometimes handling the blockage responsible for a heart attack needs more than just medication and with the changes of lifestyle. In these cases, either coronary artery bypass grafting (CAGB) or angioplasty with a stent could be needed.

During a CABG, which is normally assigned to as “bypass surgery,” your doctor cuts a blood vessel from another part of your body and attaches it to an artery that’s halt. This reroutes the blood cycle around the clogged portion of the blood vessel.

Another method for treating heart attack is angioplasty, which is done by the use of a catheter with a tiny balloon at its tip. Your medical examiner puts a catheter into the blood vessel and inflates the balloon at the site of the stoppage. Then the balloon squeezes the plague from the walls of the artery to open it up for a good blood cycle. Generally, they’ll use a little wire mesh tube, called a stent, in that exact place to help keep the artery open.

After a heart attack and the following treatment, you should engage in cardiac rehabilitation. Cardiac rehabilitation process lasts some weeks and includes controlled exercise sessions and education about lifestyle, diet, and medications for betterment of heart health.

From that day forward, you’ll need to do continue exercising and intake a heart-healthy diet while avoiding things like  too much alcohol, smoking, and stress.


Following treatment for a stroke the same healthy lifestyle is also advised. If you had an ischemic stroke and rushed to the hospital within a few hours of signs starting, your medical examiner could give you a medication that is called tissue plasminogen activator, which could help disperse a clot. They could also use tiny devices to bring back a clot from blood vessels.

Here comes another form of stroke that is called hemorrhagic stroke, you could need surgery to rebuild the damaged blood vessel. Your medical examiner could use a special clip in some cases to help rescue the part of a blood vessel that punctures.

What is the outlook?

Whether you face a stroke or heart attack it depends greatly on the hardness of the event and how fast you get treatment.

Some people who face a stroke will experience damage that makes talking or walking difficult for a long time of period. Others could lose brain function that never returns. There are also the patients who were treated soon after signs began, complete recovery may be possible.

After having a heart attack, you could expect to restart most of the activities you enjoyed before if you practice all of the following:

maintain a healthy lifestyle

participate in cardiac rehabilitation

follow your doctor’s orders

Your life expectancy will depend mostly on whether you act upon heart-healthy behaviors. If you face a heart attack or stroke, it’s necessary to take the rehabilitation process sincerely and stick with it. As demanding as it could be at times, the result is a much better quality of life.

Preventing heart attack and stroke

Here are some of the same strategies that could help prevent a stroke and could also help reduce your chances of having a heart attack. These include:

Maintaining a healthy weight

Maintaining your blood pressure and cholesterol levels into a healthy range

Not smoking

Limiting your alcohol intake

Keeping your blood sugar under control

Exercising in routine, if not all, make schedule days of the week

eating a low saturated fats diet, added sodium and sugars

In Spite of above all strategies you can’t control certain risk factors, for example age and family health history. You can, however, live a healthy lifestyle that could help reduce your chances of having a stroke or heart attack.

Hope now you have a better understanding about Heart attack vs Stroke. Feel free to write in the comments. Thanks

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